Coordinator: Professor João Abreu e Silva
This thematic strand includes research and development activities related with the reduction of risk to people, to the environment, and natural and built heritage that may be affected by the occurrence of extreme events. Such events can beeither natural, such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, wind storms, and tsunamis, or due to man’s activities, such as accidental pollution, deficient structures and infrastructures (so called “life lines”), blasts and fires.
Both environmental hazards and man-made hazards may have devastating effects on the built and natural environment, namely on natural resources. Hazard and risk assessment, as well as the development of structural and non-structural safety measures is a major societal challenge in a rapidly changing world, with people concentrating in large urban centres and with growing exploitation of limited natural resources.
The research activities of this thematic strand focus on cross-cutting issues whose resolution contributes directly to tackling major societal challenges, some of them included in the current EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon 2020). The responses of research and development activities to those risks and threats are organized in three main themes, corresponding to problem analysis, development of structural and non-structural measures, and development of operational and management measures: